imprison


imprison
imprison, incarcerate, jail, immure, intern mean to confine closely so that escape is impossible or unlikely. The first three words imprison, incarcerate, jail imply a shutting up in or as if in a prison, imprison being the general term, incarcerate the bookish or journalistic term, and jail the common word.
Distinctively, imprison implies seizure and detention in custody and is applicable even when the one confined is not in a prison or jail or suffering a penalty
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deftly and with one arm only, he imprisoned her— Ertz

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the tremendous forces imprisoned in minute particles of matter— Inge

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Incarcerate implies a shutting up in or as if in a prison cell
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he easily obtained bail and will, in all probability, not be incarcerated before his trial

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we got the bride and bridegroom quietly away . . . having incarcerated all the newspaper reporters in the little drawing room— Sayers

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Jail may be preferred to incarcerate as a simpler and more generally intelligible term
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risked being jailed for life

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Often, however, jail, the verb, following jail, the noun, in its accepted sense connotes imprisonment in a building in which persons are held for short periods, either paying the penalty for minor offenses or for the purpose of awaiting legal proceedings.
Immure is a literary rather than technical term. When it implies punishment for a crime, it may connote burial alive within a wall; usually, however, the term suggests restriction to closely confined quarters typically as a captive or a devotee to duty or to religion
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Constance was now immured with her father, it being her "turn" to nurse— Bennett

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a convent of nuns vowed to contemplation, who were immured there for life, and never went outside the convent walls— L. P. Smith

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Intern is used chiefly of military or wartime conditions; it seldom implies incarceration and usually suggests a keeping within prescribed limits (as in a guarded camp) and under severe restraints
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intern all enemy aliens for the duration of a war

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intern all the war refugees entering a neutral country

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the plane was landed safely and the crew was internedLawson

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Analogous words: confine, circumscribe, restrict, *limit: *restrain, curb, check

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • imprison — im·pris·on vt: to confine in prison esp. as punishment for a crime compare false imprisonment im·pris·on·ment n Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Imprison — Im*pris on, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Imprisoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Imprisoning}.] [OE. enprisonen, OF. enprisoner, F. emprisonner; pref. en (L. in) + F. & OF. prison. See {Prison}.] 1. To put in prison or jail; To arrest and detain in custody; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imprison — (v.) c.1300, from O.Fr. emprisoner (12c.), from em in (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + prison (see PRISON (Cf. prison)). Related: Imprisoned; imprisoning …   Etymology dictionary

  • imprison — [v] confine; put in jail apprehend, bastille, bottle up*, cage, check, circumscribe, closet, commit, constrain, curb, detain, fence in, hold, hold captive, hold hostage, hold in custody, ice*, immure, impound, incarcerate, intern, jail, keep,… …   New thesaurus

  • imprison — ► VERB ▪ put or keep in prison. DERIVATIVES imprisonment noun …   English terms dictionary

  • imprison — [im priz′ən] vt. 1. to put or keep in prison; jail 2. to restrict, limit, or confine in any way imprisonment n …   English World dictionary

  • imprison — UK [ɪmˈprɪz(ə)n] / US verb [transitive, usually passive] Word forms imprison : present tense I/you/we/they imprison he/she/it imprisons present participle imprisoning past tense imprisoned past participle imprisoned 1) a) to put someone in a… …   English dictionary

  • imprison — verb ADVERB ▪ falsely, unjustly, wrongfully, wrongly ▪ We work on behalf of people who have been wrongly imprisoned. ▪ briefly ▪ indefinitely …   Collocations dictionary

  • imprison — 01. Human rights activists in that country are routinely [imprisoned] by the government. 02. The father of a young Australian man [imprisoned] in Thailand has pleaded with the Ambassador to work on his son s behalf. 03. The human rights… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • imprison — verb we expect to imprison another two dozen individuals by the end of this month alone Syn: incarcerate, send to prison, jail, lock up, put away, intern, detain, hold prisoner, hold captive; confine, shut up, cage; informal put behind bars Ant:… …   Thesaurus of popular words


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